Ground Improvement Techniques Notes pdf – GIT notes pdf file
Ground Improvement Techniques Notes pdf – GIT pdf notes – GIT notes pdf file to download are listed below please check it –
Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.
UNIT – I
Dewatering: methods of de- watering- sumps and interceptor ditches- single, multistage well points – vacuum well points- Horizontal wells-foundation drains-blanket drains- criteria for selection of fill material around drains Electro-osmosis.
Grouting: Objectives of grouting- grouts and their properties- grouting methods- ascending, descending and stage grouting- hydraulic fracturing in soils and rocks- post grout test.
UNIT – III
In – situ densiﬁcation methods in granular Soils:- Vibration at the ground surface, Impact at the Ground Surface, Vibration at depth, Impact at depth.
UNIT – IV
In- situ densification methods in Cohesive soils:- preloading or dewatering, Vertical drains – Sand Drains, Sand wick geodrains — Stone and lime columns – thermal methods.
UNIT – V
Reinforced Earth: Principles – Components of reinforced earth – factors governing design of reinforced earth walls — design principles of reinforced earth walls.
UNIT – VI
Geosynthetics : Description, properties, functions and applications of gleosynthetics
UNIT – VII
GeoEnvironmental application of geosynthetics : Geomembranes for landfills and ponds, Geosynthetic clay liner, Designing with GCL;s, Filtration, Erosion control, slope protection.
UNIT – VIII
Stabilization: Methods of stabilization-mechanical-cement lime-bituminous- chemical stabilization with calcium chloride, sodium silicate and gypsum.
Expansive soils: Problems of expansive soils – tests for identification methods of determination of swell pressure. Improvement of expansive soils – Foundation techniques in expansive soils — under reamed piles.
Reference – Ground Improvement Techniques Notes – GIT notes pdf – GIT pdf notes – GIT Pdf – GIT Notes
1. Moseley M.P. (I993) Ground Improvement, Blackie Academic and Professional, Boca Taton, Florida, USA.
2.. Xanthakos P.P, Abrarnson, L.W and Brucwe; D.A(l994) Ground Control and Improvement, John Wiley and Sons, New-York,USA.
3. Robert M. Koerner, Designing with Geosynthetics, Prentice Hall New Jercy, USA
Text books – Ground Improvement Techniques Notes – GIT notes pdf – GIT pdf notes – GIT Pdf – GIT Notes
1. Hausmann M.R. (1990), Engineering Principles of Ground Modification, McGraw-Hill International Edition.
2. Purushotham Raj. Ground Improvement Techniques, Laxmi Publications, New Delhi