Compiler Design Notes Pdf – CD Notes pdf


Here you can download the free lecture Notes of Compiler Design Notes Pdf – CD notes pdf materials with multiple file links to download. This Compiler Design pdf notes (CD pdf notes) free download book starts with the topics covering  Phases of Compilation, Context free grammars, Shift Reduce parsing, LR and LALR parsing, Intermediate forms of source Programs, Flow graph, Consideration for Optimization, Flow graph, Object code forms, Etc.

Compiler Design Notes pdf – CD Notes Pdf file

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Unit 1

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Unit 2

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Unit 3

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Unit 4

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Unit 5

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Unit 1

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Unit 2

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Unit 3

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Unit 4

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Unit 5

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Unit 6

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Unit 7

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Unit 8

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Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU. In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.


Overview of Compilation: Phases of Compilation – Lexical Analysis, Regular Grammar and regular expression for common programming language features, pass and Phases of translation, interpretation, bootstrapping, data structures in compilation – LEX lexical analyzer generator.


Top down Parsing : Context free grammars, Top down parsing – Backtracking, LL (1), recursive descent parsing, Predictive parsing, Preprocessing steps required for predictive parsing.


Bottom up parsing : Shift Reduce parsing, LR and LALR parsing, Error recovery in parsing , handling ambiguous grammar, YACC – automatic parser generator.


Semantic analysis : Intermediate forms of source Programs – abstract syntax tree, polish notation and three address codes. Attributed grammars, Syntax directed translation, Conversion of popular Programming languages language Constructs into Intermediate code forms, Type checker.

Compiler Design Notes Pdf – CD notes pdf


Symbol Tables : Symbol table format, organization for block structures languages, hashing, tree structures representation of scope information. Block structures and non block structure storage allocation: static, Runtime stack and heap storage allocation, storage allocation for arrays, strings and records.


Code optimization : Consideration for Optimization, Scope of Optimization, local optimization, loop optimization, frequency reduction, folding, DAG representation.


Data flow analysis : Flow graph, data flow equation, global optimization, redundant sub expression elimination, Induction variable elements, Live variable analysis, Copy propagation.


Object code generation : Object code forms, machine dependent code optimization, register allocation and assignment generic code generation algorithms, DAG for register allocation.


1. lex &yacc – John R. Levine, Tony Mason, Doug Brown, O’reilly
2. Modern Compiler Design- Dick Grune, Henry E. Bal, Cariel T. H. Jacobs, Wiley dreamtech.
3. Engineering a Compiler-Cooper & Linda, Elsevier.
4. Compiler Construction, Louden, Thomson.

Text books:

1. Principles of compiler design -A.V. Aho . J.D.Ullman; Pearson Education.
2. Modern Compiler Implementation in C- Andrew N. Appel, Cambridge University Press.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: What is a compiler?

A1: Without changing the meaning of the program, a compiler translates the code written in one language to some other language. It is also expected that a compiler should make the target code optimized and efficient in terms of space and time.

Compiler design principles provide an in-depth view of optimization process and translation. Compiler design covers error detection & recovery along with the basic translation mechanism. It includes syntax, lexical,and semantic analysis as front end, and optimization and code generation as back-end.

Q2: Why to learn compiler design?

A2: Computers are a balanced mixture of software and hardware together. Hardware is a mechanical device and its functions are controlled by a compatible software. In software programming, hardware understands and follows instructions in the form of electronic charge. This is a counterpart of binary language. As we all know, binary language has only two alphabets, 0 and 1. To instruct and let the computer understand, the hardware codes must always be written in binary format, which is simply a series of ones and zeros. It would be very difficult and unmanageable task for computer programmers to write such codes. That is why we have compilers to write such codes.

Q3: What are the phases of a compiler?

A3: There are mainly two major phases of compilation. Each phases will take input from the output of the previous level and work in a coordinated way.

  1. Analysis phase – It is an intermediate representation which has been created from the given source code. There are four parts in it. Lexical, syntax, semantic analyzer and intermediate code generator are the types under analysis phase.
  2. Synthesis phase – In this phase, equivalent target program has been created utilizing the intermediate representation. There are two parts in it. Code optimizer and code generator.

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